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THE FLETCHER OF SALTOUN-PHILLIPPS COPY

PAPPUS. Pappi alexandrini mathematicae collectiones a federico commandino urbinate In Latinum conversae, & Commentariis illustratae. In hac nostra editione ab innumeris, quibus scatebant mendis, & praecipue in Graeco contextu diligenter vindicatae...

Bononiae, [i.e. Bologna]. Ex Typographia HH. de Ducciis, 1660, [colophon dated 1658] Third edition.
Folio. [10], 490pp, [2]. With a portrait of Archduke Leopold, profusely illustrated within the text. Contemporary vellum, manuscript titling to head of spine, yapp edges. A trifle marked, occasional browning/marking to text, else a fine copy. The Fletcher of Saltoun copy, with his characteristic ink inscription to head of title, later in the library of Sir Thomas Phillipps, lot 4645 in the eighteenth part of the new series of the Sothebys Bibliotheca Phillippica sales, Monday 29th November 1976, with lot description tipped in at end, and lot ticket loosely inserted.
A generously margined copy, once in the library of Scottish patriot, political writer, and noted book collector Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun (1653?-1716), of Greek geometer Pappus of Alexandria's principal work. First printed in 1588, translated and edited by Italian humanist and mathematician Federico Commandino (1509-1575), the Latin text of the eight surviving books of the Mathematical Collectiones or Synagogue (c.340) are predominantly comprised of collected theories and problems on arithmetic and geometry posited by Pappus' predecessors, including Archimedes and Euclid, making the work an invaluable source for Golden Age Greek mathematical study and a conspicuous influence on later scholars such as Fermat, Descartes, and Newton.
£ 2,750.00 Antiquates Ref: 18940